1.2 Describe ways in which discrimination may deliberately or inadvertently occur in the work setting

1.2 Describe ways in which discrimination may deliberately or inadvertently occur in the work setting

Indirect Discrimination: Indirect discrimination occurs when policies and practices, which appear neutral or fair because they are applied to everyone, actually disadvantage people and particular groups within society. For example, if a job advertisement states that applicants must be able to drive then this could put a certain people at a disadvantage, such as those with a disability. So for example you may have a school display every year to celebrate Christmas because the majority of the children would be classed as ‘white’ ‘’Christian’. But if other faiths & celebrations are not represented then smaller groups could be discriminated against.

Positive Discrimination: Positive discrimination is regarded as the preferential treatment of members of a minority group over a majority group, either by sex, race, age, marital status or sex orientation. So for example if you where to allow a particular less represented group of children over another to perform a task this is classed a positive discrimination.

Racial Discrimination: If a practitioner has particular views concerning race or even religion, these views could be used in the setting unintentionally to have a negative or positive influence in a situation or particular child.

Stereotypes: A practitioner may intentionally or intentionally categorise children in a particular way. So for example boys play with blue things and girls play with pink.

These types of discrimination may not be deliberate. You should monitor your own and others behaviour to minimise discrimination in your workplace.

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2.2 Assess how well own knowledge, skills and understanding how to meet standards

2.2 Assess how well own knowledge, skills and understanding how to meet standards

In order for you to assess how well your own knowledge skills and understanding meet standards you could reflect on the knowledge you have now as opposed to when you started in the care industry. Write a reflective account reflecting on your experience in the care sector, training you have received, the tasks your work role requires you to perform and detail the ways in which you perform your duties e.g. with professionalism, by respecting equality and diversity, confidentiality, ensuring workplace health and safety is upheld etc. You could provide copies of your training certificates to accompany your reflective account, showing training attended

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1.1 Identify different reasons why people communicate

1.1  Identify different reasons why people communicate

Communication is a tool with which we exercise our influence on others, bring out changes in our and others’ attitudes, motivate the people around us and establish and maintain relationships with them. Communication makes a major part of our active life and is a social activity. This social activity is pursued verbally through speech, reading and writing or non-verbally through body language.

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1.1 Describe why communication, language and literacy are important to children’s learning

1.1 Describe why communication, language and literacy are important to children’s learning

Communication, language and literacy is the most important skill you can give to your children, it underpins every other learning experience they will have throughout their lives. Without being able to communicate successfully, children will struggle to make the most of the experiences that come their way.

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2.3 Provide activities and resources to meet the individual needs of children and young people.

2.3 Provide activities and resources to meet the individual needs of children and young people.

When planning for an activity in your setting you should take into consideration the age group that the activity is for and if it is suitable for all the children involved. You may have to consider other needs of the child such as a disability or special need. You should also consider cultural issues and other needs of the individuals. The key is treating children as individuals and considering all these factors. For example you wouldn’t be able to do an activity with lots of running with the babies because it is unsuitable for their stage of development. You may need to cater for a child that has a special diet who cannot have certain foods. Treating the children as individuals will ensure that you plan for interesting activities that provide opportunities for play for all children involved.

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1.2 Identify the lines of responsibility and reporting for health and safety in the work setting

1.2 Identify the lines of responsibility and reporting for health and safety in the work setting

  • List the person/people who may have predominant responsibility for the Health & Safety in your setting.
  • List the nominated fire officers if different from the health & safety representative.
  • Are regular risk assessments carried out?
  • What is the line of reporting for hazard spotting?

Evidence: You could use a copy of a risk assessment for additional evidence.

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1.2 Describe the roles of different agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people in the context of own work setting

1.2  Describe the roles of different agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people in the context of own work setting

Social Services:  Are there to offer support to both the child and the setting. Social services have the powers to investigate any suspected improper behaviour from carers, children or the setting.

Child Protection Investigation Unit (CPIU): This unit is run by the police who have the powers to investigate, interview and arrest anyone suspected of abusing a child.

Health Visitors: A Health Visitor can sometimes be the first person to spot abuse, especially physical. Health Visitors have a duty of care to refer such information to Social Services.

School Nurse: A School Nurse can sometimes be the first person to spot abuse, especially physical. School Nurse have a duty of care to refer such information to Social Services.

The Police: The Police have the powers to investigate, interview and arrest anyone suspected of abusing a child. Quite often they will ask the CPIU to investigate directly and also inform Social Services.

NSPCC: Information can be passed anonymously to the NSPCC. If taken seriously the NSPCC have a duty of care to refer such information to Social Services.

OFSTED: If there are questions about practices within the setting then OFSTED may be asked to investigate further.

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4.1 Explain how a work setting can encourage children and young people’s positive behaviour

4.1 Explain how a work setting can encourage children and young people’s positive behaviour

  • Developing positive relationships
  • Listening to children and valuing their opinions
  • Providing a stimulating and challenging environment
  • Well planned experiences
  • Giving children choices
  • Meet individual needs
  • Inclusive practice
  • Adult role model
  • Clear boundaries
  • Positive behaviour reinforced (praise/rewards)
  • Encouraging children to resolve conflict
  • Looking for reasons for inappropriate behaviour (through observations)
  • Following behaviour policy
  • Following plans for individual behaviour

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